Essay about Bill of Rights

Invoice of Privileges Paper

University of Phoenix



The initially 10 Changes to the US Constitution will be known as the Costs of Privileges. The Sixth Amendment pertains to legal process. One of the classes contained through this Amendment concerns the subject of double jeopardy. The learning team selected dual jeopardy because our part of focus. This kind of document provides an analysis of the Founding Dad's intent in providing the double peril clause, a discussion of how dual jeopardy security has evolved through selected court docket decisions, and an evaluation with the modern day effects to individuals and society. The Fifth Modification & Double Jeopardy

The Fifth Variation (or Article V) in the US Metabolic rate states that: No person shall be held to reply to for a capital, or otherwise famous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, other than in cases developing in the terrain or naviero forces, or in the Militia, when in actual services in time of War or public risk; nor shall any person always be subject for the same offence to become twice devote jeopardy of life or limb; neither shall be required in any lawbreaker case to become a witness against himself, neither be starving of lifestyle, liberty, or property, without due technique of law; neither shall non-public property be used for community use, with no just compensation. (Wikipedia, 2006)

The percentage of the Fifth Amendment that reads " nor shall any person become subject for the similar offence to be twice place in jeopardy of life or perhaps limb" is called the twice jeopardy terms. Many persons believe this kind of clause merely protects persons from getting tried over and over again for the same criminal offense. The double jeopardy clause actually affords three distinct protections: " protection from becoming retried for the similar crime after an acquittal, protection from retrial after a conviction, and protection from being punished multiple times for the similar offense" (Wikipedia2, 2006). Starting Father's Intention

To assess the Founding Dad's intent in providing the Fifth Amendment and the dual jeopardy offer, one needs to consider the country's environment at that time. America had just lately fought and won self-reliance from Britain. The Beginning Fathers were arguably excitable sensitive to potential abuses of power on the part of government. In line with this kind of assertion and according to Wikipedia2, the intent from the double peril clause was " to limit prosecutorial abuse by the government in repeated prosecution for the same criminal offense, as a means of harassment or oppression" (2006). The Starting Fathers wanted the privileges of individuals to become clearly protected and said in the Expenses of Rights. Evolution & Selected Court docket Decisions

Twice jeopardy safety under the Sixth Amendment has developed over the years since the result of the courtroom decisions and interpretations. Changes ratified following the Bill of Rights approved have also influenced double peril protection in America. Selected courtroom cases working with double peril are pointed out below. Palko v. Connecticut, 302 U. S. 319 (1937)

Honest Palko was a resident of Connecticut. In 1935, Palko broke to a music retail store, took a radio, and fled the scene. Hunted down and cornered by the law enforcement officials, Palko taken and wiped out two cops and made his escape. The facts of this circumstance are as follows: Frank Palko had been incurred with first-degree murder but was instead found guilty of the reduced offense of second-degree homicide and given a phrase of lifestyle imprisonment. Prosecutors appealed every Connecticut regulation and gained a new trial, in which Palko was identified guilty of close murder and sentenced to death. Palko appealed, fighting that the Fifth Amendment protection against double peril applied to express governments throughout the Due Procedure Clause with the Fourteenth Change. (Wikipedia3, 2006)

The US Supreme Court confirmed Palko's dedication and asserted " that just fundamental privileges, those legal rights that are central to the concept of " bought liberty", are protected within the Due...

References: BBC On the net (2005, Feb 2). Dual Jeopardy. Modified Guide IDENTIFICATION: A3477972. Gathered on 04 24, 2006 from

FindLaw (n. d. ). U. S i9000. Supreme Court: Fong Foo v. Us, 369 U. S. 141 (1962). Instances & Requirements. Retrieved on April twenty four, 2006 via

Des Benedict, Meters. (2003). Nevasca and U. S. Composition. Custom Model for University or college of Phoenix. Austin: TX. Leyh Creating, LLC.

The Observer (2001). The Billy Dunlop case (1991). Gathered April 24, 2006, from,6903,450011,00.html

Wikipedia (2006). 6th Amendment to the United States Constitution. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved on May 8, 06\ from

Wikipedia2 (2006). Double Jeopardy. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved on, may 8, 06\ from

Wikipedia3 (2006). Palko v. Connecticut. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved on May 8, 2006 via

Wikipedia4 (2006). Benton v. Maryland. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved on May 8, 2006 from


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