Political Islam in Western Africa plus the Sahel Composition

Ricardo Laremont, Ph. D., and Hrach Gregorian, Ph. D.

Political Islam in Western Africa and the Sahel

Guinea-Conakry, Guinea-Bissau, Macizo Leone, and arguably, Côte d'Ivoire. Burkina Faso, Bekwai, ghana, Benin, Togo, and Liberia also include substantial Muslim minority areas. Our target is mostly on the Western African and Sahelian Islamic movements. It ought to be emphasized that Al Qaeda and other radical Islamic moves do not coordinate their activities according to traditional ideas of regional politics. Rather, Islamic movements in Western world and North Africa usually transcended regional boundaries. Consequently , we need to reexamine the strict concepts of " North Africa” and " Western world Africa” embedded in many Western and American perspectives. These kinds of geographic distinctions have little relevance to leaders and participants in Islamic motions. They also imprecise a complex photo, especially when adding countries with the Sahel (Mauritania, Mali, Niger, and Chad) to the mix. These countries are at the crossroads of North and West Africa. Within the Sahel, North and West are smooth concepts that converge. A good example of this phenomenon is Algeria, an unstable nation whose federal government effectively controls the capital. In Algeria's vast southern area, the state includes a tenuous hold on power, and groups against it also to the United States operate with considerable freedom. Within this underpopulated area, Osama bin-Laden has suffered the operations of the GSPC, which opposes the government in Algiers. Not merely has the GSPC attempted to destruction the Algerian Government, it includes sought to increase its ideology and operations into the Sahel. Because the Algerian Government are not able to exercise authorities and military authority in southern Algeria, that place, nominally in North Africa yet next to the Sahel, provides enough opportunity for penetration into West Africa. Interaction between North Africa, the Sahel, and West The african continent has took place from for least the

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INCE 9/11, protection of the homeland has become a especially urgent issue for U. S. military planners. Therefore, foreign policy has shifted to address a fresh array of problems to U. S. interests. Among the requirements of the fresh security environment is a much deeper understanding of the global network of terrorist agencies inspired simply by or directly affiliated with Ing Qaeda. You will find at least three severe threats to U. S i9000. security pursuits in Western Africa plus the Sahel. To be able of top priority, these are— 1 . The emergence of radical, Ing Qaeda-linked Islamic elements in Nigeria and Niger. 2 . The existence of terrorist-financing networks involved in the purchase and sale of expensive diamonds in Sierra Leone, Liberia, and the Democratic Republic from the Congo. Proceeds from the sale of such " bloodstream diamonds” happen to be reported to fund Hizbullah; the Afwaj al Muquwamah approach Lubnaiyyah (AMAL), or Lebanese Resistance Distance; and 's Qaeda operations. 3. The migration from the Al Qaeda-linked Salafist Group for Preaching and Fight (GSPC) by southern Algeria to asian Mauritania, northern Mali, northern Niger, and northern Chad, which indicates all their intent to establish safe havens outside Algeria.

Where is definitely West? In which is North?

The arc of Islam is almost a circle. The arc begins in South Africa, where there happen to be substantial amounts of Muslims of South-Asian and Southeast-Asian origin, and extends toward the northeast, holding Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. The arc continues north and west to include Sudan, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco and then figure south to West Africa and the Muslim-majority countries of Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Nigeria, Senegal, Gambia,

Armed service review пЃ¬ January-February 06\

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eighth century, the moment merchants in gold, salt, and slaves opened transact routes there. Now those trafficking in ideas and arms happen to be exploiting the routes. 1

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